Brushing and flossing daily has been the tried and true method for keeping your mouth healthy. However, no matter how often you brush and floss, plaque and tartar deposits can still build-up on your teeth. Plaque and tartar (also known as calculus) are bacterial colonies that attach to the tooth and secrete acids which destroy tooth structure and bone. Plaque is the soft white substance that builds-up on your teeth throughout the day. If plaque isn't removed in a timely manner, it hardens into calculus (tartar) and is much more difficult to remove. A professional cleaning is the most effective way to remove these deposits and prevent future cavities and gum disease.
Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums and bone, which over time, can gradually destroy the bone and ligaments supporting the teeth. While gum disease is painless, it is a very serious condition. Adults over the age of 35 years lose more teeth to gum (periodontal) disease than from cavities. Patients with periodontal disease require more dedicated treatment. The treatment of choice is a deep cleaning, also known as scaling & root planning. The hard bacterial deposits that have developed under the gums are removed and the root surfaces are smoothed so that the gum tissue can heal. Following scaling and root planning, 3-4 maintenance cleanings will be required in order to prevent future gum disease.