Mouth injuries are common in both children and adults; nevertheless, we have limited understanding of them and can rarely distinguish one injury from another. This is not the best way to keep us healthy and take care of our bodies. A doctor’s expert opinion may be required for a variety of mouth-related injuries. On the other hand, not all of these injuries require medical attention. There are ways to recognize them on your own simply by studying the symptoms, and you’ll be able to treat them using home remedies as a result. A canker sore is one of the most immediately identifiable injuries. In this article, Dentists in Eugene will go over canker sores in more detail, including what they are and how to treat them.
What is the definition of a canker sore?
Canker sores are more widespread than we might imagine, affecting between 20 and 30 percent of the population. Women and young people are the most commonly affected by canker sores, and they are also at a higher risk for a variety of other mouth-related issues.
What is a canker sore, exactly? An aphthous ulcer, also known as an ulcerated canker, is the medical term for it. It’s an infection that starts in the mouth and spreads to the gums, tongue, and inner lips, as well as the rear of the mouth, inside the cheeks, and the throat. They have a unique oval form with white (occasionally grey) colour on the inside and a red halo surrounding the sore, making them simple to spot. Although the sickness is not life threatening, it can be extremely unpleasant. Canker sores, despite their modest size (approximately 2-4 mm), can be extremely painful and cause a great deal of discomfort.
Even if you have canker sores, you have nothing to be concerned about. To begin with, they are not communicable. Second, many people suffer from them on a regular basis and have no trouble healing them, even with home cures. Let’s take a closer look at what causes canker sores, the symptoms they cause, and the many treatments available.
Canker sores can be caused by a number of factors.
People get canker sores for a variety of reasons. Let’s take a look at the most common causes of canker sores.
- Infections. Various bacteria and viruses are always present in our mouths; yet, they might cause damage to the oral mucosa on rare instances.
- Nutrition that isn’t well-balanced. A well-balanced diet is essential for healthy organisms, but a deficiency in certain vitamins and minerals can lead to illnesses such as canker sores.
- Non-compliance with sanitary regulations. This includes things like not washing fruits and vegetables, eating with soiled hands, and so on.
- Oral hygiene guidelines are not being followed. Surprisingly, this can involve overbrushing, particularly when using toothpastes containing sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS). This chemical can produce dehydration of the mucosa, which leads to increased sensitivity of the oral epithelium and makes it more vulnerable to external causes.
- Dental intervention is required. Using low-quality materials or having a dentist who is not qualified can also contribute to this.
- The oral cavity has been harmed. A canker sore can be produced by any slight damage to the oral mucosa, such as biting the lips or any other trauma caused by stiff foods, burns, or other factors.
- Medication. Diuretics, for example, are a type of drug that can suppress salivation.
- Tobacco use and excessive alcohol intake are two of the most harmful habits one may have.
- Chronic illnesses are those that last for a long time.
What are the indications and symptoms?
Now that we know what causes the sickness, we need to figure out how to recognize the symptoms of a canker sore and distinguish them from any other probable mouth infections you may or may not have. So, these are the most visible indications that you can recognize:
- Before starting to heal, the infection lasts at least a week.
- It starts as white, but as time passes, it turns grey.
- Gum disease most usually affects the sides of the tongue, the inside lips or cheeks, and the front of the mouth.
- It has a small, spherical shape with a white-gray centre and inflammation around it. It can be up to a centimetre in diameter.
- It causes discomfort and anguish.
Medication and treatment
When it comes to treating canker sores, there is one guideline that should always be followed. Find the source of the infection before pursuing any treatment options. This is the most crucial piece of advice we can provide you. On the other hand, the best way to get rid of a canker sore is to simply wait for it to cure on its own. As previously said, this usually takes between one and two weeks.
So, before you go for the big guns like antibiotics, etc., give it some time. You can speed up the process by rinsing with sea salt on a regular basis, for example. This won’t be a pleasant experience, and the infected area may burn a little at first, but salt water can help with any form of mouth injury by increasing blood flow to the affected area of your mucosa and thereby lowering inflammation.
In all of these circumstances, seeing a dentist for a consultation is strongly advised. If you notice any of these symptoms, we strongly advise you to see your dentist or schedule an appointment with one of our highly skilled dentists at Quest Dental Eugene OR.